These are my notes from lesson 4-which I somehow skipped.
*Philemon’s challenge: to go above and beyond-to be just and merciful. Philemon was known for his love, faith and encouragement. The gospel keeps digging deeper into us-we never get there.
*The role of Paul: mediator, advocate vs10, 19 payer of debt, like Christ.
Most of the slaves were owned by wealthy, poor sometimes had 1 or 2 slaves-were like a Rolls Royce
*The counterculture of Christianity: counter to socitety, rules and ways, was social and political
-refused to worship society’s idols–like someone not standing for the National Anthem
-limited support of the state
-new philosophy and rejection of traditions
-transcended social levels and dismantled social barriers–could climb ladder
1) What levels of society were found in the Roman world? senate, equestrians-military commanders, municipal aristocrats-ran territories, plebians-commoners, freemen-had been slaves
Republic-2 groups-Patricians-landholders, Senate; Plebians-everyone else
2) What was the basis for enslavement? economics-debt, war captives-Punic Wars-Julius Caessar-500,000 slaves-France-Gall, piracy-Caesar captured by pirates, he escaped but few did- came back and crucified them; punishment, birth, racism
3) What were some types of slaves? agricultural, tutors-wealthy had children tutored by slaves who were educated, accountants-CFO
Roman Empire-just cause to kill a slave; runaways were branded, crucified Gov.took 6000 slaves crucified on Appean Way
Empncipation-as society became advanced, not as hard on slaves, slaves could earn extra money and owner kept it-used it as motivation-master out of good will, slave healed master
Ceremony for freed slave-temple-to gods
*Christianity’s affect on slavery–Why not? reform on taxes or abolish slaves-not about social issues
Paul appeals to Philemon from the gospel. When people come into Christ, you look at them differently. Christianity eroded slavery over time
Galatians 4:4-5-concept of redemption-freed from slavery to sin, then made member of the family. We were slaves to sin, freed in Christ
Book of James-wealthy-be humble
Titus 2:13-14; Hebrews 9:12-15